Last Updated : 13 Jan 2015.
ERROR SPOTTING IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR
It takes me to reach the temple. a hour
ans: an hour
- words beginning with ‘h’ such as:
- hour, honour, honest, heir historical (adjective) are considered silent, so the vowel following it takes ‘an’ for the article.
- hence an hour, an heir, an honour etc.
visited in India. An European
ans: A European
- when ‘u’ or ‘eu’ takes a ‘u’ or ‘you’ pronunciation (‘y’ is a consonant) so the article ‘a’ should be used.
- hence a European, a university, a union, a unit, etc.
came to an end soon. Game
ans: The game
- we are talking about a particular game.
should help Rich . poor
ans: The rich ... the poor
- rich / poor represent the people representations use ‘the’
Errors in using Prepositions:
Divide this apple Robert and David. amoung
- amoung (to be used for more than two)
Divide this apple the girls. between
- between (to be used for only two)
I go to school on bus / on bike
ans: by (for vehicles)
- use ‘
on foot’ to mean ‘ we walk’ to school.
She do well in the exams. aims to
ans: use aim ‘at’
- She aims at doing well in the exams.
The patient is now danger. free of
ans: free from
- use free ‘from’ danger/risk/disease.
She her friend. called at
ans: called on
- use called ‘at’ a place ... his friend’s house.
- use called ‘on’ a person -> means to visit.
Agreement of the subject and the verb:
Rosy and Sarah friends. is
ans: are friends
- use plural verbs for ‘and’.
She or he done well. have
ans: has done
- when ‘or’ joins two subjects, the verb agrees with the second subject.
She or he ... is David or his friends ... are My friends or I
The chief minister as well as his followers at the meeting. are
ans: - is
The boys with their teacher out in the field. are
ans: - are
The moon along with the stars at night. shine
ans: - shines
- when using ‘
with / along with / together with / as well as’ the verb should agree with the first subject.
Either my neighbour or her children coming for dinner. is
Neither they nor I mistaken. were
- when using
either-or / neither-nor the verb agrees with the second subject.
Each of them England citizens. are
Everyone of the barrels full. are
Not one of the boys doing well. are
One of the boys missing. are
- sentences using ‘
each of / everyone of / one of / not one of’ use the singular form of the verb.
None of them arrived yet. have
None is genuine.
- None of -> uses
singular verb. (has)
- None -> uses plural verb. (are)
Errors in use of Pronouns:
One must not reveal his secrets to all.
ans: one’s secrets to all
one’ as a subject should use one’s.
- reason -> ‘one’ does not indicate the gender-where male / female.
Errors in use of Conjunctions:
we were late As we apologised. so
ans: As we were late we apologised.
- use either ‘as’ or ‘so’
- do not use both ‘as ... so’. Each sentence should use only one
The woman is poor and she can so save anyting. not
ans: The woman is poor so he can that save anything. not
- use ‘so’ with ‘that...not’.
She has been waiting for you 3 hours. since
ans: waiting for you 3 p.m.. since
- use ‘since’ to denote the starting time of action.
- ‘for’ for calculating time.
waiting for you for 3 hours.
Errors in use of Plurals:
Much water wasted. are
ans: Much water is wasted.
- use ‘is’ - singular verb.
- reason -> ‘much’ is used for
Many students turned up for the seminar. has
ans: Many students turned up.... have
- use ‘have’ -> plural verb.
- ‘many’ is used for
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