Last Updated : 23 Dec 2013.

 

ERROR SPOTTING IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR

When use of Articles :

e.g. 1

It takes me a hour to reach the temple.ans: an hour

- words beginning with ‘h’ such as:

- hour, honour, honest, heir historical (adjective) are considered silent, so the vowel following it takes ‘an’ for the article.
- hence an hour, an heir, an honour etc.

e.g. 2

An European visited in India.ans: A European

- when ‘u’ or ‘eu’ takes a ‘u’ or ‘you’ pronunciation (‘y’ is a consonant) so the article ‘a’ should be used.
- hence a European, a university, a union, a unit, etc.

e.g. 3

Game came to an end soon.ans: The game

- we are talking about a particular game.

e.g. 4

Rich should help poor.ans: The rich ... the poor

- rich / poor represent the people representations use ‘the’

Errors in using Prepositions:

e.g. 1

Divide this apple amoung Robert and David.ans: between

- amoung (to be used for more than two)

e.g. 2

Divide this apple between the girls.ans: amoung

- between (to be used for only two)

e.g. 3

I go to school on bus / on bikeans: by (for vehicles)

- use ‘on foot’ to mean ‘we walk’ to school.

e.g. 3

She aims to do well in the exams.ans: use aim ‘at’

- She aims at doing well in the exams.

e.g. 4

The patient is now free of danger.ans: free from

- use free ‘from’ danger/risk/disease.

e.g. 5

She called at her friend.ans: called on

- use called ‘at’ a place ... his friend’s house.

- use called ‘on’ a person -> means to visit.

Agreement of the subject and the verb:

e.g. 1

Rosy and Sarah is friends.ans: are friends

- use plural verbs for ‘and’.

e.g. 2

She or he have done well.ans: has done

- when ‘or’ joins two subjects, the verb agrees with the second subject.

She or he is...David or his friends are...My friends or I am...

e.g. 3

The chief minister as well as his followers are at the meeting.ans: - is
The boys with their teacher are out in the field.ans: - are
The moon along with the stars shine at night.ans: - shines

- when using ‘with / along with / together with / as well as’ the verb should agree with the first subject.

e.g. 4

Either my neighbour or her children is coming for dinner.ans: are
Neither they nor I were mistaken.ans: was

- when using either-or / neither-nor the verb agrees with the second subject.

e.g. 5

Each of them are England citizens.ans: is
Everyone of the barrels are full.ans: is
Not one of the boys are doing well.ans: is
One of the boys are missing.ans: is

- sentences using ‘each of / everyone of / one of / not one of’ use the singular form of the verb.

e.g. 6

None of them have arrived yet.ans: has
None is genuine.ans: are

- None of -> uses singular verb. (has)

- None -> uses plural verb. (are)

Errors in use of Pronouns:

e.g.

One must not reveal his secrets to all.ans: one’s secrets to all

- ‘one’ as a subject should use one’s.

- reason -> ‘one’ does not indicate the gender-where male / female.

Errors in use of Conjunctions:

e.g. 1

As we were late so we apologised.ans: As we were late we apologised.

- use either ‘as’ or ‘so’

- do not use both ‘as ... so’. Each sentence should use only one conjunction.

e.g. 2

The woman is so poor and she cannot save anyting.ans: The woman is so poor that he cannot save anything.

- use ‘so’ with ‘that...not’.

e.g. 3

She has been waiting for you since 3 hours.ans: waiting for you since 3 p.m..

- use ‘since’ to denote the starting time of action.

- ‘for’ for calculating time.

waiting for you for 3 hours.

Errors in use of Plurals:

e.g. 1

Much water are wasted.ans: Much water is wasted.

- use ‘is’ - singular verb.

- reason -> ‘much’ is used for uncountable nouns.

e.g. 2

Many students has turned up for the seminar.ans: Many students have turned up....

- use ‘have’ -> plural verb.

- ‘many’ is used for countable noun.

 

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