QUESTION TAGS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR
Sometimes people finish what they are saying with a short question. Why do they do this? Because they want to know if the person they are speaking to agrees with them.
A Question Tag is the shortest form of a qustion using the verb plus pronoun.
RULES FOR QUESTION TAGS
- A positive statement uses a negative tag.
- A negative statement uses a positive tag.
|NEGATIVE TAG||It is raining, isn’t it?||The main part of the sentence is positive, but the question tag is negative.
|POSITIVE TAG||It is not raining, is it?||The main part of the sentence is negative, but the question tag is positive.
1.STATEMENT WITH AUXILIARIES:
|1||David is older than you, isn’t he?||4 ||Sally can’t dance, can she?
|2||It is dark, isn’t it?||5||Tigers are dangerous, aren’t they?
|3||He and I can go by bus, can’t we?||6||Sarah and Reeta will come, won’t they?
» If the main part of the sentence has I am in it, use aren’t I in the question tag.
» If the main part of the sentence has I am not in it, use am I in the question tag.
|1||I am your best teacher, aren’t I?||3 ||I am not your best teacher, am I?
|2||I am taller than you, aren’t I?||4||I am not taller than you, am I?
2. STATEMENT WITHOUT AUXILIARIES:
|1||She sings beautifully, doesn’t she?||3 ||The sun shines hot in summer, doesn’t it?
|2||Rivers flow towards the sea, don’t they?||4||Kabil broke the world record, didn’t he?
3. a. STATEMENTS USING AUXILIARIES:
Example: As has/have/had
|1||The bell has rung, hasn’t it?||2 ||The flowers have drooped, haven’t they?
b. STATEMENTS USING THE MAIN VERB:
Example: As has/have/had - use do/does/did forms
|1||A lion has sharp claws, doen’t it?||2 ||Indians have great respect for traditions, don’t they?
4. STATEMENTS HAVING NEGATIVE WORDS USE POSITIVE TAG:
Example: Using no, none, never, not, neither-nor
|1||Rosy is not going to come today, is she?||3 ||My father never smokes, does he?|
|2||The cuckoo has no care for its eggs, does it?||4 ||Neither John nor David has any bad habits, do they?
Example: Using little, few, scarcely, hardly, rarely
|1||David shows little care in his studies, does he?||3 ||Few planets can be seen, can they?|
|2||Antony scarcely listens in class, does he?||4 ||They rarely lose their points, do they?
5. STATEMENTS HAVING a little/a few ARE POSITIVE:
Example: Therefore they use negative tag
|1||A little sugar is added to sauces, isn’t it?||2 ||I have a few chocolates to share, haven’t I?|
6. Only USES BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE TAGS:
|1||Only children are allowed to play in the park, are/aren’t they?||2 ||She did only one mistake, did/didn’t she?|
7. Let’s USES shall we:
|1||Let’s go home, shall we?||2 ||Let’s get together for a party, shall we?|
8. SIMPLE REQUESTS USE will you?:
|1||Pass me the pen, will you?||2 ||Get me a ticket, will you?|
9. URGENT REQUESTS won’t you?:
|1||Send the e-mail, immediately, won’t you?||2 ||Pass on the message soon, won’t you?|
10. IMPATIENT REMARKS can’t you?:
|1||Keep quiet, can’t you?||2 ||Listion to me, can’t you?|
11. STATEMENTS USING each, every, someone, somebody, anyone, anybody, none, nobody:
Example: - take a plural pronoun - they
|1||Everybody cheered, didn’t they?||2 ||Somebody can do it, can’t they?|