Last Updated : 04 Jan 2019

Use of Past Participle

Definition:
This is formed by adding -d or -ed to the end of regular verbs. It is used with the helping verb, such as has, have, or had.

1. As a main verb in the perfect tense

e.g.

I have done the project work. (present perfect)
She had left the house before we came. (past perfect)
They will have done the project work by the next month. (future perfect)

2. As a main verb in the pasive voice

e.g.

Trespassers will be punished. (passive voice in future tense)
He was given a prize. (past tense passive voice)
Using mobile phone in the campus is prohibited. (present passive voice)
As a participle in a phrase

e.g.

Driven by hunger, he made the mistake
Given a chance, I perfomed well on the stage
As an adjective or adjective complement

e.g.

I saw the broken houses in the slum area
He is from a good educated family
I found him dead
The cleaned car looks new

Perfect participle

Definition:
The perfect participle is formed by ‘having + past participle‘

e.g.

Having finished the work, the workers left the work-place
Having met my friend, I shared all my feelings
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