Last Updated : 28 Jan 2014.

THE NOUN - GENDER

(1.Masculine Gender, 2. Feminine Gender, 3.Common Gender, 4.Neuter Gender)
Definition :
The Gender of noun indicates the sex or the absence of sex.

For example, boy, girl, hero, heroine, lion, lioness, etc.

 

1. Masculine Gender :

Definition :
A noun that denotes a MALE SEX is called Masculine Gender.

Masculine nouns are words for men, boys and male animals.

e.g.

boylionbulldog
 

2. Femine Gender :

Definition :
A noun that denotes a FEMALE SEX is called Femine Gender.

Feminine nouns are words for women, girls and female animals.

e.g.

girllionesscowbitch
 

3. Common Gender :

Definition :
A noun that denotes either a male or a female sex is said to be of the common gender.

e.g.

childstudentfriendpupil
 

 

4. Neuter Gender :

Definition :
A noun that denotes a lifeless thing is called Neuter Gender. The noun that denotes a thing that is neither male nor female is called Neuter Gender.

e.g.

bookpenroomtree

Ways of forming the feminine of Nouns

1. Here are some more masculine and feminine nouns for people.
MasculineFeminine
fathermother
sondaughter
brothersister
nephewniece
manwoman
uncleaunt
mastermistress
emperorempress
bachelormaid / spinster
sirmadam
2. Here are some masculine and feminine nouns for male and female animals. There is one general word for the animal and special word for male and female.
AnimalMasculineFeminine
chickenroosterhen
duckdrakeduck
cattlebullcow
goosegandergoose
foxfoxvixen
tigertigertigress
pigboarsow
horsestallionmare
donkeyjackjenny

 

3. By using an entirely different words; as

MasculineFeminine
boygirl
bachelormaid / spinster
brothersister
dogbitch
kingqueen
drakeduck
monknun
hartroe
buckdoe
earlcountees

4. By adding a syllable (-ess, -ine, trix, -a, etc) as,

MasculineFeminine
authorauthoress
countcountess
giantgiantess
heirheiress
lionlioness
hosthostess
mayormayoress
stewardstewardess
shepherdshepherdess
poetpoetess

4. By adding -ess after dropping the vowel of the masculine ending

MasculineFeminine
ActorActress
DukeDuchess
EmperorEmpress
TigerTigress
Waiterwaitress
NegroNegress
AbbotAbbess
TraitorTraitress
ExecutorExecutix
TestatorTestatrix

5. By a word suffix or prefix, like

MasculineFeminine
Man-servantMaid-servant
Milk-manMilk-maid
Grand-fatherGrand-mother
Bull-calfCow-calf
Cock-SparrowHen-Sparrow
He-goatShe-goat
Land-lordLand-lady
Pea-cockpea-hen

 

Note : Objects without life are often personified, that is, spoken of as if they were living beings. We then regard them as males or females.

The Masculine Gender is often applied to objects remarkable for strength and violence; as,

The SunSummerWinterDeath
The sun sheds his beams on rich and poor alike.

The Feminine Gender is sometimes applied to objects remarkable for beauty, gentleness, and gracefulness; as,

The Moon the EarthSpringNature
The moon has hidden her face behind a cloud.

 

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