Last Updated : 08 Dec 2014

REGULAR VERBS

Definition:
A regular verb forms we can add -d or -ed to the end of its base form.

The regular verbs have a standard set of rules for forming their present participle and past forms. The present participle is formed by adding -ing to the end of its base form and the past is formed by adding -ed. If the base form verb ends with the letter -e, we can add only -d for past form verb and remove the -e then just add -ing for the present participle. These verbs are also called Weak Verbs.

 

PRINCIPLE PARTS OF REGULAR VERBS

e.g.

PresentPastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
bookbookedbookedbooking
eraseerasederasederasing
formformedformedforming
infectinfectedinfectedinfecting
pickpickedpickedpicking
purchasepurchasedpurchasedpurchasing
questionquestionedquestionedquestioning
recoverrecoveredrecoveredrecovering
removeremovedremovedremoving
typetypedtypedtyping

The past participle inherited from the past form of verb.

 

REGULAR VERBS ENDING WITH A VOWEL AND CONSONANT

When a verb ends with a vowel followed by a consonant, the last consonant is doubled before adding -ing or -ed

e.g.

PresentPastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
alotalottedalottedalotting
batbattedbattedbatting
dotdotteddotteddotting
counselcounselledcounselledcounselled
cancelcancelledcancelledcancelled
fitfittedfittedfitting
permitpermittedpermittedpermitting
stepsteppedsteppedstepping
stopstoppedstoppedstopping

But some verbs are omitted from the above rule

e.g.

PresentPastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
allowallowedallowedallowing
alteralteredalteredaltering
cookcookedcookedcooking
cornercorneredcorneredcornering
visitvisitedvisitedvisiting
 

REGULAR VERBS ENDING WITH A CONSONANT FOLLOWED BY Y

When a verb ends with a consonant followed by y, the present participle is formed by adding -ing and the past form, drop the y, replace it with i, and add -ed.

e.g.

PresentPastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
applyappliedappliedapplying
bullybulliedbulliedbullying
carrycarriedcarriedcarrying
gratifygratifiedgratifiedgratifying
identifyidentifiedidentifiedidentifying
marrymarriedmarriedmarrying

But some verbs are omitted from the above rule

e.g.

PresentPastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
buoybuoyedbuoyedbuoying
conveyconveyedconveyedconveying
 

 

We add ‘ed’ for past tense and past participle form of the base verb

Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle Present Participle
act acted acted acting
bleach bleached bleached bleaching
check checked checked checking
contract contracted contracted contracting
paint painted painted painting

We add ‘d’ for past tense and past participle form of the base verb

Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle Present Participle
acknowledge acknowledged acknowledged acknowledging
collaborate collaborated collaborated collaborating
escape escaped escaped escaping
hole holed holed holing
illuminate illuminated illuminated illuminating
Download 3000 Regular Verbs
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