Last Updated : 28 July 2013

THE SENTENCE SUBJECT AND PREDICATE

Definition :
A sentence is a grammatically independent unit of expression, made up of two essential parts called the Subject and the Predicate.

Every complete sentence has a subject and a predicate.

THE TWO MAIN PARTS OF A SENTENCE

e.g.

The SubjectThe Predicate

e.g.

The girl dances well

The girl is a subject and dances well is the predicate. If I come up to you and say "The girl", you know that is the subject about which I wish to talk. But I have said nothing about the subject. To make a sentence I must say something about the girl.

If I say "The girl dances well", I have expressed a complete thought and I have made a sentence.

In grammar the person or thing we speak about is called the subject. What we say about the subject is called the predicate.

THE SUBJECT

Definition :
Subjects tell the listener and the reader whom or what the sentence is about. The subject is that part of a sentence which names a person, thing, or idea

e.g.

The masterThe teacher Stars
The dogFlowers The sun
ClockThe girl The horse
DavidThe Child The newspaper

Every complete subject contains a simple subject. The simple subject, which is a noun or pronoun, is the most important word in the complete subject.

e.g.

A loud argument
The newspaper article
We listened to the radio at the beach
Sausage and mushrooms are Leo’s favorite pizza toppings

THE PREDICATE

Definition :
The predicate is that part of a sentence which tells something about the subject.

e.g.

teaches welleats grasstwinkle at night
the phonographshines during the daybite the boy
crows in the morningdances well is clever

A simple predicate (or verb) describes the action or condition of the subject or subjects in a sentence.

e.g.

Danielle sketched
always support each other
rarely complains about snow

SUBJECT AND PREDICATE EXAMPLES

Notice how the following sentence are divided into subject and predicate:

e.g.

SubjectPredicate
The teacherteaches well
Starstwinkle at night
Flowersbloom in the garden
Dogs like to bark and sniff
Active boys never stop playing
The birdsalways sing early in the morning
The horseis white
The young, worried pilot read the storm warning
Taylor and Charlie played with their toys
The waitertripped and fell over the diner’s legs
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