Last Updated : 28 Jan 2014

 

USES OF THE GERUND

A Gerund may be used as :-
1. Subject of a verb

e.g.

Giving is better than receiving
Hunting is a favourite sport in this country
Advising others is easy
2. Object of a transitive verb

e.g.

I love writing letters
Stop talking
He enjoys watching T.V.
3. Object of a transitive verbObject of a preposition

e.g.

He is found of eating
I am tried of waiting
Hendry has no intention of leaving the country now
4. Complement of a verb

e.g.

Seeing is believing
What I most detest is drinking

Some verbs must always be followed by the gerund

e.g.

admitappreciateavoidconsider
denyenjoyfinishmind
misspostponepractisequit
recallreportresentresume

e.g.

He admitted having stolen the car
Why have they delayed opening the school?
The goalkeeper just missed stopping the ball
Journalists reported being tired
He suggested taking children to the zoo
They appreciated being invited
She denied knowing anything about it
Let’s postpone making a decision until we have more information
Does she resent my being cat
She enjoys playing tennis
He practised reversing the car into the garage
Peter couldn’t resist making jokes about his baldness
We can’t help thinking he’s still alive
He has quit smoking
The two sides have resumed fighting
He was considering buying a car until the prices went up
Do you mind my closing the window?
I recall her giving me the key
You should not talk marrying unless you are absolutely sure about it

Some Verbs + Prepositions are followed by the gerund

e.g.

approve ofinsist onthink aboutgive up
succeed input offrely oncount on
think ofpostponepractisequit
recallworry aboutkeep on

e.g.

I approve of your trying to earn more money
David has given up smoking
John relied on your supporting him
Sarah is not worried about passing the examination
The manager insisted on his coming to the office on time
He succeeded in passing the examination
You cann’t count on his helping you
Don’t keep on talking
She’s thinking about changing her job
He keeps putting off going to the dentist
They’re thinking of moving to America

Some Verb + Preposition expressions must also be followed by the gerund

e.g.

Object tolook forward toconfess to

e.g.

I strongly object to your talking like this
We’re really looking forward to seeing you again
She finally confessed to having stolen the money

Some adjectives + Preposition are also followed by the gerund

e.g.

accustomed tocapable ofinterested inintent to
successful inafraid oftired offond of

e.g.

We are accustomed to getting up early in the morning
He’s intent on getting promoted
I was afraid of hurting his feelings
The company is interested in selling its products overseas
I’m sure he is capable of running a mile in four minutes
He was successful in running the business
She is fond of cooking
You soon get tired of eating the same thing every day
Passive gerund
Definition :
The gerund form can have both active voice and passive voice like infinitives.

e.g.

I like taching English (present active voice)
I like English being taught (Present passive voice)
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