Non-defining relative clause Non-defining relative clauses are placed after nouns which are definite already. The adjective clause which does not define the noun before it but gives additional information about the noun is called the non-defining relative clause.
Subordinating, or subordinate, conjunctions join clauses that are not equal in grammatical weight, with the subordinating conjunction linking the smaller, subordinate clause to the larger, main clause structure..
Subordinate clauses begin with connectives, or "joining words," called subordinating conjunctions. A subordinating conjunction always precedes its subordinate clause. The chief Subordinating conjunctions are :
in order that
as long as
as much as
just in case
as soon as
by the time
Subordinating conjunctions indicate the following relationships:
Subordinating Conjunctions of Time
The conjunctions after, as, as long as, as soon as, before, until, since, when, while are used to say when something happens. They are called conjunctions of time.
As we approached, the deer was startled
After he had done his duty, he felt happy
Take the toy out of the box before you throw the box away
As soon as you’ve finished your homework, let me see i
I’ll call you when I get home
Father watches TV while he does his exercises
People stand back as the train goes through the station
Subordinating Conjunctions of Place
The conjunctions where and wherever are used to talk about places. They are called Subordinating conjunctions of place.
She found a great spot where she could read quietly
Put it where we can all see it
The dog follows Rosy wherever she goes
Subordinating Conjunctions of Reason
The conjunctions although, because, for, once, in as much as, since, as , though, why, and in case tell why someone does something. They are called Subordinating conjunctions of reason.
She wanted an answer because she had to leave
Although he wanted to say yes, he couldn’t
As you’re my best friend, I’ll lend you my new bike
Subordinating Conjunctions of Purpose
The conjunctions so, so that, such that and in order to tell what the purpose of something is. They are called Subordinating conjunctions of purpose.
She raised her hand so that he could see her
We eat that we may live
She goes jogging every morning in order to keep fit
Subordinating Conjunctions of Condition
The conjunctions except, if, once, though, unless, without are called Subordinating conjunctions of condition.
You don't want it unless someone else has it
Unless you work hard, you cannot get good result
If he buys the book, he will read it
Subordinating Conjunctions of Comparison
as, as far as, as much as, as well as, else, otherwise, rather, than (Than only when it follows comparative adverbs or adjectives or the words else, rather, other, or otherwise.) are called Subordinating conjunctions of comparison.